Species / International Ovis


Naemorhedus goral


Himalayan goral: The southern side of the Himalayan Range from Kashmir and Punjab eastward to Bhutan. Long-tailed goral: Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, eastern China, Korea, eastern Manchuria, and the Amur region of extreme eastern Siberia.


Active early morning and late evening, or throughout the day when it is cloudy. Rests during the middle part of sunny days, lying motionless and blending with the surroundings. Diet includes grasses, shrubs, twigs and nuts. Requires water. Vision is acute, hearing good. Alarm call is a hissing or sneezing sound.


Himalayan goral: Shoulder height 23-28 inches. Weight 48-77 pounds. Somewhat resembles a serow, differing by its smaller size, shorter horns, lack of facial glands, and certain details of the skull. Stocky and goatlike in build, with strong, stout legs, a somewhat arched back and a concave facial profile. The hair is coarse and shaggy, overlying a short, woolly undercoat. In males, there is a slight crest of hairs along the back of the neck. The tail is short and bushy. Long-tailed goral: Differs from the Himalayan goral by usually having a longer coat and a long, tufted tail. The Long-tailed goral from eastward across southern China has a comparatively short, not woolly, coat. The tail is moderately bushy, 5-6 inches long, and the upper and lower surfaces of the tuft are black. Color is very variable, ranging from ashy-gray to yellowish-brown, with a distinct dark dorsal stripe. The throat patch is more or less yellow, at least at the edges. A black stripe is on the front of the forelegs above the knees, and continuing down the outer shanks.


Steep, rugged, forested mountains at elevations of 3,000-9,000 feet. Seems to prefer the most difficult terrain possible.

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